SNOWY AUSANGATE

EETHE NEVADO AUSANGATE, HAS A HEIGHT OF 6,384 METERS ABOVE SEA LEVEL; AND HE IS CONSIDERED AN APU OR PROTECTIVE DEITY OF THE PEOPLES THAT SURROUND HIM; AS WELL AS THE MOST REPRESENTATIVE MOUNTAIN IN THE REGION. ITS SIZE IS SUCH THAT IT CAN BE APPRECIATED EVEN IF ONE IS IN THE FORTRESS OF SACSAYHUAMAN, NOT IN VAIN IS CONSIDERED THE FIFTH HIGHEST MOUNTAIN FOUND IN PERU.

NEVADO AUSANGATE IS A NATURAL ATTRACTION LOCATED IN THE DISTRICT OF OCONGATE, IN THE PROVINCE OF QUISPICANCHI, IN THE DEPARTMENT OF CUSCO. THAT SNOW IS PART OF THE CORDILLERA DE VILCANOTA.

THIS BEAUTIFUL SNOW COVERED CUSCO, IMPRESSES THE EYE, FOR ITS INCREDIBLE NATURAL FORMATIONS; IN THAT NOT ONLY ARE BEAUTIFUL MIRRORS OF WATER LIKE THE SIVINICOCHA, OF TURQUOISE WATERS, BUT ALSO STONE FORESTS, GLACIERS AND HIGH-PLAINS THAT SEEM TO MAKE THIS NATURAL ATTRACTION A PARADISE ON EARTH, ESPECIALLY FOR THOSE TOURISTS WHO ARE INTERESTED FOR ADVENTURE SPORTS BECAUSE, THE GEOGRAPHICAL FEATURES OF THE AUSANGATE MAKE IT IDEAL FOR SPORTS SUCH AS ROCK CLIMBING, ICE CLIMBING, TREKKING, AMONG OTHER ACTIVITIES.

THE NEVADO AUSANGATE APPEARS BEFORE OUR EYES AS A MOUNTAIN CHALLENGE; IT IS KNOWN THAT THE FIRST ATTEMPTS TO PROMOTE IT WERE MADE IN THE EARLY FIFTIES OF THE LAST CENTURY, THERE WERE TWO FIRST FRUSTRATED ATTEMPTS TO CONQUER THE PEAK OF THE POWERFUL APU, IT WAS NOT UNTIL 1953, WHEN A GERMAN EXPEDITION ACHIEVED THE GOAL, CLIMBING THE MOUNTAIN ON ITS SOUTHERN SLOPE, IN POSTERITY, NEW ROUTES WERE OPENED FOR THE CONQUEST OF THE APU, HOWEVER, JUST IN 1983, THIRTY YEARS AFTER THE FIRST ASCENT, PERUVIAN FEET CROWNED THE TOP OF THE MAJESTIC SNOW.

MORAY – CUSCO

MORAY IS LOCATED 62 KM FROM CUSCO AND 7 KM WEST OF MARAS. IT IS AT AN ALTITUDE OF 3500 METERS ABOVE SEA LEVEL. THIS IS A ROUTE USED BY CYCLISTS. NEARBY IS THE TOWN OF MARAS WITH ITS SALINERAS DE MARAS.

MORAY THAT IS THOUGHT WAS USED FOR THE ADAPTATION OF PLANTS TO NEW CLIMATIC ENVIRONMENTS, CONSTITUTES ANOTHER PROOF OF THE VERY HIGH LEVEL OF AGRONOMIC KNOWLEDGE REACHED BY THE INCAS.

ACCORDING TO THE ANTHROPOLOGIST JOHN EARLS MORAY, IT WAS AN AGRICULTURAL LABORATORY BUILT BY THE INCAS TO RECREATE A SERIES OF MICROCLIMATES IN WHICH TO PLANT A GREAT VARIETY OF EXPERIMENTALLY IMPROVED CROPS.

THE SOIL TEMPERATURE OF EACH PLATFORM DETERMINED THAT THE INCAS COULD DEVELOP SOME TWENTY MINIATURE ECOLOGICAL ZONES TO PRODUCE GRAINS SUCH AS QUINOA AND KIWICHA, AS WELL AS SQUASH AND SQUASH AND CLEAR MULTIPLE VARIETIES OF POTATO

THE MORAY TERRACES THAT RESEMBLE A SUNKEN AMPHITHEATER, LIKE AN ARTIFICIAL CRATER, WERE BUILT ON RETAINING WALLS FILLED WITH FERTILE SOIL AND WATERED BY COMPLEX IRRIGATION SYSTEMS. IN THIS WAY, THE EXISTING THERMAL VARIATION BETWEEN THE SURFACE AND THE BOTTOM OF THESE NATURAL HOLES WAS USED TO ADAPT DIFFERENT VARIETIES OF PLANTS TO EACH TERRACE

MARAS – CUSCO

MARAS IS A TOWN LOCATED 48 KM. NORTHWEST OF THE CITY OF CUSCO, 12 KM FROM URUBAMBA AND ABOUT 3028 METERS ABOVE SEA LEVEL. THE TEMPERATURE FLUCTUATES BETWEEN 1 TO 21 DEGREES CENTIGRADE.

AT AN HOUR AND 10 MINUTES APPROXIMATELY, FROM THE CITY OF CUSCO, THERE ARE THE SALINERAS DE MARAS, LOCATED IN THE DISTRICT OF THE SAME NAME, PROVINCE OF URUBAMBA.

MARAS WAS AN IMPORTANT TOWN DURING THE VICEROYALTY (IT WAS THE MAIN SUPPLIER OF SALT FROM THE SOUTHERN SIERRA), AS SHOWN BY THE CHURCH AND THE HOUSES THAT STILL PRESERVE THE COAT OF ARMS OF INDIGENOUS NOBILITY IN THEIR FACADES. THE HOUSES ARE MADE OF ADOBE, WHITE WALLS WITH ROOFS AND BLUE WINDOWS, THE STREETS ARE MADE OF STONE AND MUD. IN THE LINTELS YOU CAN READ INSCRIBED IN STONE THE DATE THEY WERE BUILT, THEIR OWNER OR A COAT OF ARMS OR ORNAMENT.

THOSE WHO TRAVEL FOR THE FIRST TIME TO THIS PLACE, ARE NOT ONLY SURPRISED BY THE LARGE NUMBER OF POOLS THAT EXIST IN AN AVERAGE OF 5 THOUSAND SQUARE METERS OF TERRITORY, BUT BY THE WHITENESS OF THE AREA AND THE WHIMSICAL WAY THAT NATURE GAVE IT, OVER THE YEARS.

THE SALT MINES OF MARAS HAS MORE THAN 3 THOUSAND POOLS, OF DIFFERENT SIZES AND DIMENSIONS, THE SAME ONES THAT BELONG TO THE LOCAL FAMILIES, THAT IN TIME OF DROUGHT TAKE ADVANTAGE OF THE SALT THAT IS GENERATED TO TREAT IT WITH IODINE AND SELL IT TO THE HOUSEWIVES.

THE WELLS OF THE SALINERAS ARE FILLED IN THREE DAYS, WHEN THE WATER EVAPORATES, SOLIDIFIES TO A HEIGHT OF 10 CENTIMETERS, THEN THE SALT IS REMOVED TO BE MARKETED.

THE NATURAL SCENARIO, REGARDLESS OF THE INCOME THAT CAN BE REPORTED TO THE FAMILIES OF MARAS, IS REALLY IMPRESSIVE, AND TAKES THE VISITOR THROUGH TIME. SOME WILL RECREATE THEIR ORIGIN FROM THE ANDEAN MYTHS, AND OTHERS WILL PREFER TO GIVE A MORE SCIENTIFIC EXPLANATION, WHICH STATES THAT THESE SOLID TECTONIC FORMATIONS ARE THE RESULT OF PROCESSES THAT THE ANDES HAVE UNDERGONE FOR THOUSANDS OF YEARS.

QORICANCHA

The Coricancha was the Incas most sacred building. First built in 1100s and then enlarged by each new Inca. Became largest building in Cuzco. Sancuary of the Sun, Chapel of the Moon, Chapel to he Stars, Chapel of Lightning, Chapel of Rainbow, and residence of keepers of temple. Many walls, completely covered in gold. The temple held 4000 priests and attendants. The Coricancha was  ebuilt by Pachacuti after his vision at the shrine, Susurpuquiu – a pacarina, spring. A god dressed in puma skins, serpents, and earspools with a headress of sun rays. The god told Pachacuti of his  ivine kinship and predicted his victory over the Chancas. Molina, Sarmiento, Betanzos, 2 Hernando de Soto and 2 soldiers were the only Spanish to see it in original state. A tunnel connected Qoricancha to Sacsayhuaman.

HUCHUY QOSQO

To start the hike to the archaeological site of HuchuyQosqo, part of Urubamba in the direction of Chinchero, on the gentle walk you will go through the community of Cúper Alto and the huge Piuray lake, a small paradise for birds and a place where kayaking is practiced. Splendid excursions are made. The trip, which lasts a total of five hours and takes place on an Inca Trail, crosses a small andenters opening completely in a short and narrow stone canyon that takes us to Huchuy Qosqo, at 3,600 m. This place, despite being one of the most important archaeological sites of Cusco and to be in a magnificent location, is little known and visited. From the top, the view of the whole set is unique. The citadel appears in a wide explanation, right on the edge of a cliff where the best images of the Sacred Valley, the Urubamba River and the Vilcanota mountain range are obtained.

OLLANTAYTAMBO

The origin of the name has several focuses. According to the Aymara language, Ollantaytambo derives from the word ulla-nta-wi, which means “place to see down”; the term tambo, is added later. For the Quechua language, the name comes from the word Ollanta (which is the name of an Inca captain, whose story was kept as an oral tradition, and written as a drama by Antonio Valdez, priest of Urubamba, in the mid-eighteenth century) and of the term, tambo, a Spanish derivation of the Quechua word tampu; which means, “city that offers accommodation, food and comfort to travelers”.

It is 2,750 meters high, and as we have indicated, both its design and the foundations of most of its buildings correspond to the time of the Incario.

It occupies several ecological levels, from the low mountainous dry forest to the nival formations. The urban population is on the banks of the Vilcanota River (Willkamayo) that forms the Urubamba Valley.

The climate approaches the ideal for human life and for traditional agricultural activity. Of pluvial precipitation. The environment is dry but can vary up to slightly humid, change caused by low temperatures in winter and evaporation ratios; sudden changes in atmospheric pressure cause strong winds from midday. The archaeological complex of Ollantaytambo was a strategic military, religious and agricultural center. The architectural scene is of exceptional interest for the size, style and originality of its buildings.

The continuity in time is no less remarkable than the unity in space; With five thousand years of existence, from the birth of the villages in the Neolithic to the collapse in the sixteenth century, the cultural archetypes were essentially the same, from Chavín to the dizzying expansion of the Incas and their final collapse in 1572.

 

There is no doubt that the Incas were great builders, and not because they have created buildings like Qorikancha, Sacsayhuaman, Macchu Picchu, Ollantaytambo, Choquequirao and others, but because they felt and understood the architecture from the root, from the plane, from the constructive.

Ollantaytambo is architecture of closed and empty spaces. The buildings and walls delimit and constitute a spatial quantity. The individual construction is conceived as a function of this unit and is absorbed by it. In Ollantaytambo, the empty space is what governs the mass, the shape and even the situation of temples, altars, palaces, pyramidal structure and terraces. The experience of Ollantaytambo is precisely what encloses the constructions and how they enclose it; how they merge into a great and sonorous chord. A unique and unique planning for the way it is conceived and carried out. The architectural expressions here took a breath of sublime majesty, as if the Incas had wanted to express with the stone, the ideas of eternity and greatness with which they conceived their divinities. There are Qosqo Ayllu, La Fortaleza and the Great Pyramid.

 

Inca drama and the ethnohistory of Ollantaytambo

Ollantaytambo was engraved in the memory of the world thanks to a drama written in the sixteenth century, and represented in the theater in the year 1780. The story tells the conflicting love between General Ollanta and Cusi Coyllor, the daughter of Pachacutec. Ollanta was distinguished from the other generals of the empire for his bravery and great ability, but he had to leave the city disappointed by not being able to love a girl who did not belong to his social class. Already far, Ollanta prompted the population to rebel against the imperial army, causing a war that lasted a decade. Finally, our hero was captured by the treachery of Captain Rumiñahui, and taken to Cusco before Tupac Yupanqui; who, after listening to the story, decided to release him and accept him as his sister’s companion.

When contemplating the diverse architectonic expressions of the archaeological complex of Ollantaytambo, a suspension of the mind immediately invades to us; the mass of stone, carved enigma, paralyzes our gaze. It does not matter what the sensation happens to that moment of immobility: admiration, enthusiasm, curiosity, stupor; reality, once again, without ceasing to be what it is, seems to be shown as that which is beyond what we see. Among the features of the Andean civilization are originality, isolation, homogeneity in space and continuity over time.

The continuity in time is no less remarkable than the unity in space; With five thousand years of existence, from the birth of the villages in the Neolithic to the collapse in the sixteenth century, the cultural archetypes were essentially the same, from Chavín to the dizzying expanse of Incas expansion and its final collapse in 1572.

Raqchi Archaeological Complex

100 kilometers from the city of Cusco, 20 kilometers northeast of the main market of Sicuani, is located on the right bank of the Vilcanota River, between 3,450 and 3,550 meters above sea level.

What stands out most of the Rajchi Complex, without a doubt, is the peculiar Temple of Wiracocha, but it is not the only rest that can be seen inside it. We also find the great wall, liturgical fountains, almost spherical buildings and houses with a rectangular floor plan.

Few chroniclers have dealt with this area, but they agree that in the times of the Inca Túpac Yupanqui and his famous wife, Coya Chimpu Ocllo or Mama Cahua, as it was also known, a fire rain had fallen that devastated the region and ” he turned many stones into ash, “as Pedro Cieza de León slogan.

Lo peculiar en las construcciones inkas, están adaptadas a la misma geomorfología previa planificación por ingenieros y constructores inkas, esto se visualiza con K acha o Raqchi eregido en un área volcánica, toda la ciudad inka está amurallada, pero en sus extremos oriental y occidental se encuentra portadas de salida e ingreso del centro urbano, por esta ciudad antigua pasa el camino real hacia el Qollasuyo y/o el altiplano una de la regiones del Imperio.

In its internal structure the monument itself presents the spaces corresponding to the Wiraqocha temple, the secondary rooms or temples, the circular dwellings, the Inka square or Pujllanapampa, the ceremonial fountains, the platforms of the south western part associated with the esplanade.

The Archaeological Park of Raqchi is conformed by pre-Hispanic sites such as Kinsachata, Chaskiwuasi, Carcelraqay, Pukapata, Yanamancha, Qea, Qocha, Chillcanamoqo, Pampacancha, Seqakunto, Anapujio, Pucarapata, Miskiuno, Yakasa, Aukisay others.

Machu Picchu is the No. 1 on the list of the 25 most popular places in the world of TripAdvisor

One of the 7 wonders of the world, we refer to Machu Picchu is number 1 in the list of the 25 most popular attractions in the world in the TripAdvisor’s Travelers’ Choice Awards 2016, published today in the most influential tourism portal in the world Tripavisor.
With great emotion the Minister of Foreign Trade and Tourism, Magali Silva indicated that “We are proud to report that our wonder of the world has received the votes of millions of digital users of TripAdvisor, obtaining the first place in the list of the 25 places of most popular interest in the world.

Machu Picchu gained in preferences to other world-class tourist attractions such as the Sheikh Zayed Mosque of the United Arab Emirates, Cambodia’s Angkor Wat Temple and St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican ”
“Hopefully, this recognition from TripAdvisor, probably the most consulted website at a global level at the time of planning a trip, contributes to encourage tourism to our country,” said Mincetur head.

About Tripavisor and these awards:

Edy Cuellar Margholl, director of tourism at the Chamber of Commerce of Cusco, indicated that “TripAdvisor is the largest traveler portal in the world, with close to 350 million monthly visits and more than 300 million opinions.
“Unlike other recognitions, the TripAdvisor’s Travelers’ Choice Awards are chosen through millions of opinions and comments from travelers from around the world, who go to the Tripavisor portal to share their experiences,” explained Edy Cuellar.

Tourism in Peru will be increased with these awards.

Q’eswachaca Bridge

Inca bridge of Q’eswachaca. It is a suspension bridge built entirely with ichhu (a vegetable fiber that abounds in the Andes) It is located on the Apurímac River, in the district of Quehue, in the province of Canas in the department of Cusco in southern Peru.

The renovation of the bridge implies the realization of a ritual and a festivity that lasts around four days, starting with the payment to the Apu Quinsallallawi in an ancestral ceremony.

During this date, making use of Inca knowledge, the villagers collect the new material, dismantle the old bridge and begin to assemble the replacement. On the third day, the inhabitants begin the assembly of the railing and the surface of the bridge. After having finished the work, a great celebration begins where the inhabitants perform a festival of native dances in party mode. Finally, after having finished the bridge replacement, all inaugurate it crossing it.

The Q’eswachaka measures 28 meters long and 1.20 meters wide, being built to this day with ichu. This bridge served as part of the road system of the Qhapaq Ñan, having approximately more than 500 years. Tradition and customs are still present, accompanied by rituals for their realization. The Q’eswachaka is the last bridge that has survived modernity and continues to pass its ritual from generation to generation.

Other important data

  • The festival where the Q’eswachaka is renewed takes place during the second week of June.
  • During the colonial period, suspension bridges were preferable to stone bridges, this because their resistance to earthquakes was greater.
  • The braiding of the ichu for the new bridge is done only by women, supervised by a ‘chakaruwak’ or specialist.
  •  From September 14 to 21 the festival of the ‘Lord of Exaltation’, patron saint of the area, takes place.

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International bidding for phone in Choquequirao will be launched in February or March

In the next few months, the launching of the tender for the construction of the cable car that will lead to the archaeological complex of Choquequirao is planned, according to regional authority.

Lima, Jan 06 (ANDINA) The regional president of Apurímac, Elías Segovia, said that the details of the terms of reference for the tender are still being worked on, in coordination with the Ministry of Housing.

“If everything goes well, in February or March we would be launching the international tender, and in April or in the first days of May the first stone of this important project could be placed,” he said.

He stressed that the cable car will mark the beginning of a “tourist revolution” in Apurímac and in the southern regions of the country, as it will also work on the enhancement of Choquequirao and its integration with the tourist circuit of Cusco.

The initiative would require an investment of approximately 200 million nuevos soles, which would include the enhancement of Choquequirao, shared by Apurímac and Cusco, and the improvement of carriageways.

This means of tourist transport will be built on the imposing canyon of the Apurímac River and will have as starting point the viewpoint of Kiuñalla, of the district of Huanipaca, in the province of Abancay.

In November 2011, the Ministries of Culture, Foreign Trade and Tourism and the Environment, signed the Choquequirao Act, ratifying the Government’s political will to back this project.

According to the National Chamber of Tourism (Canatur), the cable car could motivate the arrival of 200,000 visitors in its first year of operation.